National Character Area 122

High Weald

© High Weald AONB

The High Weald National Character Area (NCA) encompasses the ridged and faulted sandstone core of the Kent and Sussex Weald. It is an area of ancient countryside and one of the best surviving medieval landscapes in northern Europe. The High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) covers 78 per cent of the NCA. The High Weald consists of a mixture of fields, small woodlands and farmsteads connected by historic routeways, tracks and paths. Wild flower meadows are now rare but prominent medieval patterns of small pasture fields enclosed by thick hedgerows and shaws (narrow woodlands) remain fundamental to the character of the landscape.

An expanse of grassland
© Anne- Katrin Purkiss/Natural England

Summary and Headline Statements of Environmental Opportunity

Summary of the National Character Area, including a general description of the landscape, and headline Statements of Environmental Opportunity (SEOs).

Trees in a forest
© Natural England

Context Map

Interactive map that provides context to the National Character Area and its surrounds.

A dog walker in a field
© Paul Greenhalf/Natural England

Key Characteristics

A list of the key characteristics of the National Character Area, which includes both natural and human influences on the landscape.

An agricultural building in a field
© Paul Greenhalf/Natural England

Description

Overview of how this NCA links to others, a description of the landscape today, and a summary of how the landscape has changed over time.

Two people walking through heathland
© Paul Greenhalf/Natural England

Key Facts & Data

Detail on the spatial distribution, type and quantity of components and features of the National Character Area.

Cattle in a field
© Paul Greenhalf/Natural England

Natural Capital and Key Ecosystem Services

Overview of Natural Capital, and the benefits to society this NCA provides, linking to the Natural England Natural Capital Atlas.

Heather in a field
© Paul Greenhalf/Natural England

Landscape Change

Monitored landscape change within the NCA, derived from the Outcome Indicator Framework for the 25 Year Environment Plan. Additional information is also provided on the changes and trends within the landscape as reported in 2014.

Exposed tree roots in a bank
© Paul Greenhalf/Natural England

Detailed Statements of Environmental Opportunity

Detailed lists of how each Statement of Environmental Opportunity could be achieved.

A river running through a forest
© Paul Greenhalf/Natural England

Analysis: Landscape Attributes & Opportunities

This analysis section focuses on the landscape attributes and opportunities for this National Character Area.

A close up of a flower
© Paul Greenhalf/Natural England

Analysis: Ecosystem Services

This analysis section focuses on a selection of the key provisioning, regulating and cultural ecosystem goods and services for this National Character Area.

Other Information

Below are links to external data sources that are relevant to National Character Area 122 - High Weald

Other information link to

Green Infrastructure Interactive Map

Defra and Natural England's Green Infrastructure (GI) interactive map can be used to understand access to existing green infrastructure within each NCA. Good quality Green Infrastructure (GI) has an important role to play in our urban and rural environments for improving health and wellbeing, air quality, nature recovery and resilience to and mitigation of climate change, along with addressing issues of social inequality and environmental decline. The Green Infrastructure Framework is a commitment in the Government's 25 Year Environment Plan. It supports the greening of our towns and cities and connections with the surrounding landscape. As part of this, Defra and Natural England have developed a Beta version (V1.1) of an England-wide GI interactive map, which will support local authorities and other stakeholders to assess green infrastructure provision against the emerging GI Standards. By layering on the National Character Areas, listed under "Designated and Defined Area", users can map green infrastructure to help identify existing provision and demand within the NCA, as well as to compare GI provision between neighbouring NCAs.

Other information link to

MAGiC Interactive Mapping Tool

Defra's MAGiC Interactive Mapping Tool presents geographic information about the natural environment from across the government. The information covers rural, urban, coastal and marine environments on an interactive map. The NCA boundaries can be overlaid to view this information by selecting Landscape/National Character Areas.

Other information link to

National Landscape (AONB) Management Plans

National Landscapes (legally known as Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty - AONBs) are nationally important landscapes, designated under the 1949 National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act. Their primary purpose is to 'conserve and enhance natural beauty'. Each National Landscape has a statutory Management Plan to drive partnership action across their areas. The Plan also outlines the special qualities that underpin the designated landscape. These documents can be found on each individual National Landscape website by searching for "Management Plan". Management Plans are updated every five years.

Other information link to

National Park Management Plans

National Parks are nationally designated landscapes with two statutory purposes: 1) to conserve and enhance their natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage; and 2) to promote opportunities for public enjoyment and understanding of their special qualities. Reviewed every five years, National Park Management Plans set out how a range of organisations will work together to achieve shared objectives for the management of the National Park. The Plans also set out the special qualities that underpin the nationally designated landscape.

Other information link to

Natural Capital Atlas Profile

The Natural Capital Atlas Profiles provide an "off the shelf" natural capital evidence base for each county or city region. Understanding the state of our natural environment is the essential first step to improving it. Natural England's Natural Capital Indicators (Lusardi et al., 2018) are designed to inform our understanding of the state of our natural assets. The indicators highlight the importance of our natural assets for delivering which ecosystem service and the benefits they provide for society. Understanding the state of natural capital is essential to enable the sustainable provision of multiple benefits, now and into the future. The best available and nationally consistent evidence is used to map out indicators showing asset quality, quantity and location. Indicators for some flows of ecosystem services are also mapped. These atlases provide an "off the shelf" natural capital evidence base for the relevant county or city regions within this NCA. They have a wide variety of uses with more information in the How to Start Using Your Natural Capital Atlas.

Other information link to

NCA122 Farmsteads Character Statement

The Historic England Farmstead & Landscape Statement summarises evidence on farmsteads and buildings in their landscape and settlement context, as well as the historic character, significance and foresight issues for the NCA. Historic farmsteads, comprising the farmhouse and working farm buildings, make a fundamental contribution to landscape character, local distinctiveness and a sense of place. They are also assets which, through agricultural or new uses, can make an important contribution to the rural economy and communities. The Farmstead and Landscape Statement is supported by advice on farm buildings, which provides links to the National Farmsteads Character Statement, national guidance on Farm Building Types and a fully-sourced summary in the regional Historic Farmsteads: Preliminary Character Statements.